John Smith's Map of New England, 1616
John Smith was the first Englishman to make usable maps of the Maine Coast. This map also has a good portrait of the explorer.
Much of his mapping was based on descriptive information from the inhabitants of New England.
This map and description was the basis for New England colonization, with its aim to encourage colonies. In it Smith coined the name New England. Some of the names for the royal family were given by Prince Charles (later Charles I). Smith named the Isles of Shoals off New Hampshire for himself.
This map, New England Observed, of 1616 is provided courtesy of the Osher Map Collection at the University of Southern Maine and is part of John Smith's Description of New England.