• Extension of a continent in relatively shallow waters, generally no more than 450 feet deep which slopes at no more than .5 degrees. In 1958 and 1982, nations bordering a continental shelf were given economic rights. For fishing this is a highly productive area often with shallower banks.
  • The person whose occupation is to prepare food for others.
  • An unskilled laborer, working for very poor wages, usually from Asia.
  • One who makes casks and barrels for oil, water, wine, or other liquid and solid materials. In Penobscot Bay, coopers made thousands of casks for the lime trade. Also, a dock-worker who takes care of repairs or reconditioning to damaged packages or cases.
  • Latitude and longitude information that gives a specific location.
  • Nicholas Copernicus

    1473-1543. Polish astronomer and mathematician who developed and published the view of an earth that orbited a stationary sun. His book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) was printed just before his death.

  • Collectively, all the rope used on a vessel.
  • Wood piled or stored in cords. One cord of wood is measured 4' x 4' x 8'. Cordwood was used extensively in the lime industry, which needed cordwood for kilns.
  • An outgrowth of the Plymouth Company founded in 1606, the Plymouth Council of New England was a company, created and led by Sir Ferdinando Gorges. It was granted a royal charter in 1620 to found colonies in New England from the 40th parallel to the 48th. The Pilgrims of the Plymouth Colony were given a contract or patent for their land from the Council. The Council was dissolved in 1635.
  • Rock Crab, Green Crab
    Crabs are often found in lobster traps. The Rock Crab is Maine's native crab, up to 6 inches shell size, while the smaller Green Crab is an invasive Northern European species which had spread all along the Maine coast by 1953. A newer invasive crab species is the Asian Shore Crab which is slightly smaller than the Green Crab. They have been reported as far east as Schoodic. There is a commericial market for Rock Crab, caught chiefly as by-catch in the lobster fishery.
  • In shipbuilding and maintenance, the structure that supports a vessel upright on land and in which a vessel can be moved.
  • Language that has evolved from a pidgin but serves as the native language of a speech community.
  • cross-staff
    Early navigational device for measuring altitudes of heavenly bodies, also called a fore-staff, based on an Arab instrument called a Kamel. A cross arm is moved up or down a graduated staff so that when sighting along the staff the user sees the sun and horizon at the ends of the cross arm. The altitude of the sun is then read off the staff. The earliest reference to its use at sea is about 1514.
  • The lowest square sail, or lowest yard of the mizzenmast.
  • crustacea
    Lobsters, shrimp and crabs all belong to the subphylum of arthropods called crustacea, or crustaceans. They have a hard exoskeleton which is shed as the animal grows.
  • A thin porridge made from rice
  • Duties, tolls, or imposts imposed by the sovereign law of a country on imports or exports.

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