Gilbert, Sir Humphrey
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
c.1539-1583. English nobleman and explorer who annexed Newfoundland to Britain in 1583. He was lost at sea on his return voyage. He had been active in promoting English North American colonization. Queen Elizabeth reissued Gilbert's exploration and colonization patent to Walter Raleigh, Gilbert's brother-in-law, who used it to plant a colony at Roanoke.