3-4 Learning Results

3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 1997 Learning Results use grade groupings of 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results use 3-5 and 6-8.

Career Preparation  1997 (Grades 3-4)
A-3: Connections between locally generated products and services and efforts required to create them.
A-4: Value of work to the individual and to society.
C-1: How products evolve as a result of technological systems.
C-2: Major components of a technological system (input, process, output, feedback); examples in school or community.
C-3: Academic knowledge and skills required in specific careers.

Career and Education Development 2007 (Grades 3-5)
B2.   Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012 

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Life at Sea, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Unit/History Kit most closely aligned with this web chapter is called Life at Sea.

Health and Physical Education  1997 (Grades 3-4)
Health Education
D-1: Influences of culture on health.
Physical Education
B-4: Adapt a skill to the demands of the environment.
C-4: Participate cooperatively with partners to improve skill performance during practice.

Health and Physical Education  2007 (Grades 3-5)
G2.   Movement Skills

Mathematics  1997  (Grades 3-4)
F-1: Real-life problems involving the measurement of time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.
F-2: Measuring tools and units of measurement that are appropriate for what is being measured.
K-1: Tables and graphs to communicate ideas and information in a concise and clear manner.

Mathematics  2007 (Grades 3-5)
Grade 3
B1.   Measurement of time and temperature
B2.   Bar Graphs
C1.   Two-dimensional shapes
C2.   Distance around a figure
Grade 4
B1.   Measurement of time, capacity, and temperature
B2.   Tables, line plots, and bar graphs
C1.   Identify and name angles
C2.   Area of a figure
Grade 5
B1.   Measurement of elapsed time, temperature, capacity, mass and weight
B2.   Pie charts
C1.   Solid figures
C2.   Area of triangles and quadrilaterals
C4.   Position and direction in two dimensions

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 3:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division
  • Multiply and divide within 100

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition

Geometry

  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 4:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division
  • Multiply and Divide within 100

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition

Geometry

  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 5:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand the place value system
  • Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths

Measurement and Data

  • Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition

Geometry

  • Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties

Science and Technology  1997 (Grades 3-4)
M-1: How cultures have found different technological solutions to deal with similar needs or problems (e.g., construction, clothing, agricultural tools and methods).

Science and Technology  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
D4.   Force and Motion

Social Studies 1997 (Grades 3-4)
Civics and Government
D-1: How the U.S. interacts with other countries (e.g., trade, treaties).
D-2: Compare a foreign culture to that of the United States. Include analysis of how decisions are made.
History
C-1: Changes currently occurring in daily lives; compare to changes in daily life during an historic era.
Geography
A-1: Construct and compare maps of Maine, the United States, and regions of the world to interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.
B-2: Ways in which communities reflect the backgrounds of their inhabitants.
B-3: Variety of materials and geographic tools; explain how the physical environment supports and constrains human activities.
Economics
A-1: Barter and money; how each is used in the exchange of resources, goods, and services.
C-1: How selected cultures or countries meet basic human needs.
D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps to create economic interdependence between people in different places and countries.

Social Studies  2007 (Grades 3-5)
Civics and Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
Economics
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
Geography
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
History
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997 (Grades 3-4)
B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.B-3: Roles of visual and performing artists in various settings and cultures.
B-4: Characteristics of works in two or more visual and performing art forms that share a similar subject matter, historical period, or cultural context.
C-4: Content and styles in various art forms.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007 (Grades 3-5)
Music
A1.   Music Difficulty
A3.   Listening and Describing
B1.   Style/Genre
Visual Arts
A1.   Artist’s Purpose
A3.   Media, Tools, Technique, and Processes
B1.   Media Skills
General
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines