3-4 Learning Results

3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

Please note that the 1997 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation 1997 (Grades 3-4)
A-5: Awareness of own interests, aptitudes, and abilities.
B-1: Learn about a personally interesting career topic.
B-2: Personal interests, abilities, and aptitudes; project likely career options.

Career and Education Development  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A4.   Career and Life Roles
B3.   Education and Career Information

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Marine Art, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Marine Art chapter on the website does not directly correspond to a History Kit; however, we include a “Be a Port Painter” activity in our Life at Sea Kit, as well as offering this as a short program.

Mathematics  1997 (Grades 3-4)
E-2: Shapes and figures; congruency, symmetry, and similarity.

Mathematics  2007 (Grades 3-5)
Grade 3
C1.   Identify, describe, and classify two-dimensional shapes
C4.   Patterns
Grade 4
C1.   Angles, lines, relationships between lines, quadrilaterals, and triangles
C3.   Congruent figures and line symmetry
Grade 5
C1.   Identify, describe, and classify solid figures
C4.   Describe position and direction in 2 dimensions
C5.   Reflect, slide, and rotate plane figures

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 3:

Measurement and Data

  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition
  • Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 4:

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of  measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles


  • Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of their lines and angles

Grade 5:

Measurement and Data

  • Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system


  • Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties

Science and Technology  1997  (Grdes 3-4)
H-2: Ways different forms of energy can be produced.
I-1: Effects of different types of forces (e.g., mechanical, electrical, magnetic) on motion.

Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 3-5)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
D4.   Force and Motion

Social Studies  1997  (Grades 3-4)
A-1: Similarities and differences in the characteristics of individuals who have made significant contributions to society in different eras.

Social Studies  2007  (Grades 3-5)
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997  (Grades 3-4)
A-4: Create original works using different media, techniques, and processes; communicate ideas, feelings, and meaning.
B-1: Major periods of the visual and performing arts; identify major artists and their work.
B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.
B-3: Roles of visual and performing artists in various settings and cultures.
B-4: Characteristics of works in visual and performing art forms that share similar subject matter, historical period, or cultural context.
C-4: Content and styles in various art forms.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007  (Grades 3-5)
Visual Arts
A1.   Artist’s Purpose
A2.   Elements of Art and Principles of Design
A3.   Media, Tools, Techniques, and Processes
B1.   Media Skills
B2.   Composition Skills
B3.   Making Meaning
B4.   Exhibition
C1.   Application of Creative Process
D1.   Aesthetics and Criticism
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines
E3.   Goal-Setting
E4.   Impact of the Arts on Lifestyle and Career
E5.   Interpersonal Skills