# 3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 1997 Learning Results use grade groupings of 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results use 3-5 and 6-8.

**Career Preparation 1997 (Grades 3-4)**A-3: Connections between locally-generated products and services, and

efforts required to create them.

A-5: Awareness of students’ own interests, aptitudes, and abilities.

**Career and Education Development 2007 (Grades 3-5) **A4. Career and Life Roles

B2. Skills for Individual\Personal Success in the 21th Century

**Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012**

**The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 **cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.) All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in *Working the Bay,* depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

__Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment__

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s *Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum* uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual __curriculum__. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time. In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a __resource__ for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Unit/History Kit most closely aligned with this web chapter is called *Work Around the Bay.*

**Health and Physical Education 1997 (Grades 3-4)**

*Health Education*

D-3: Ways technology affects personal health.

**Health and Physical Education 2007 (Grades 3-5) **D2. Technology and Health

**Mathematics 1997 (Grades 3-4)**A-1: Read, compare, order, classify, and explain whole numbers up to one million.

B-1: Solve multi-step, real-life problems using the four operations with whole numbers.

F-1: Solve and justify solutions to real-life problems involving the measurement of time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.

K-1: Tables and graphs to communicate ideas and information in a concise and clear manner.

**Mathematics 2007 (Grades 3-5)**

*Grade 3*

A1. Number notation and place value to 10,000

A2. Add and subtract

A2. Fractions

B1. Measurement of time and temperature

B2. Bar graphs

C1. Two-dimensional shapes

C2. Distance around a figure

D4. Patterns

*Grade 4*

A1. Number notation and place value to 1000,000

A3. Multiply and divide

A4. Fractions

A5. Decimals in real world contexts, including money

B1. Measurement of time, capacity, and temperature

B2. Tables, line graphs, and bar graphs

C1. Angles, lines, quadrilaterals, and triangles

C2. Area of a figure

D3. Relationship between quantities and extend sequences

*Grade 5*

A1. Number notation to 10 million

A2. Problems with multiple operations

A5. Numbers with 3 decimal places

B1. Measures of elapsed time, temperature, capacity, mass, and weight

B2. Line graphs

B3. Median, mode, and range

C1. Solid figures

C2. Area of triangles and quadrilaterals

C3. Volume and surface area of rectangular prisms

C4. Describe position and direction in two dimensions

D3. Relationship between quantities

**Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012**

__Grade 3__

*Operations and Algebraic Thinking*

- Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division
- Solve problems involving the four operations, and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic

*Number and Operations—Fractions*

- Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

*Measurement and Data*

- Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects
- Represent and interpret data
- Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area ot multiplication and to addition
- Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures

*Geometry *

- Reason with shapes and their attributes

__Grade 4__

*Operations and Algebraic Thinking*

- Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems
- Generate and analyze patterns

*Number and Operations in Base Ten*

- Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
- Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

*Number and Operations—Fractions*

- Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering
- Build fractions from unit fractions
- Understand decimal notation for fractions

*Measurement and Data*

- Represent and interpret data
- Geometric measurement

*Geometry*

- Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of lines and angles

__Grade 5__

*Operations and Algebraic Thinking*

- Analyze patterns and relationships

*Number and Operations in Base Ten*

- Understand the place value system
- Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and decimals to hundredths

*Number and Operations—Fractions *

- Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions
- Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions

*Measurement and Data*

- Represent and interpret data
- Geometric measurement: volume

*Geometry*

- Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems
- Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties

**Science and Technology 1997 (Grades 3-4)**E-1: How physical properties of objects sometimes change when one object chemically

combines with another.

F-2: Understanding that many things about the earth (e.g. climate) occur in cycles that vary in length and frequency.

F-3: Differences among minerals, rocks, and soils.

H-1: Ways different forms of energy can be produced.

J-2: Scientific investigations: make observations, collect and analyze data, and do experiments.

M-2: How technology (e.g. transportation, irrigation) has altered human settlement.

**Science and Technology 2007 (Grades 3-5) **A1. Systems

A2. Models

A3. Constancy and Change

A4. Scale

B1. Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry

B2. Skills and Traits of Technological Design

C2. Understandings about Science and Technology

C3. Science, Technology, and Society

D3. Matter and Energy

D4. Force and Motion

E1. Biodiversity

E2. Ecosystems

**Social Studies 1997 (Grades 3-4)**

*Civics and Government*

D-1: How the United States interacts with other countries.

*History*

A-2: Chronological order: significant events, groups, and people in the history of Maine.

C-1: Changes currently occurring in daily lives; compare to changes in daily life in the past.

*Geography*

A-1: Construct and compare maps of Maine, the United States, and regions of the world to interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.

B-3: Use materials/geographic tools to explain how physical environment supports and constrains human activities.

*Economics*

B-1: Identify the three basic economic questions all economic systems must answer: What to produce? How? For whom?

B-2: How the economy of Maine affects families and communities.

D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps to create economic interdependence between people in different places and communities.

**Social Studies 2007 (Grades 3-5) **

*Applications*

A1. Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues

A2. Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills

A3. Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills

*Economics*

C1. Economic Knowledge, concepts, Themes, and Patterns

C2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global connections in Economics

*Geography*

D1. Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

D2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography

*History*

E1. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

E2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

**Visual and Performing Arts 1997 (Grades 3-4)**B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.

**Visual and Performing Arts 2007 (Grades 3-5) **E1. The Arts and History and World Cultures

E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines