# 5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 1997 Learning Results use grade groupings of 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results use 3-5 and 6-8.

**Career Preparation 1997 (Grades 5-8)**A-3: Connections between locally-generated products and services, and efforts required to create them.

A-5: Awareness of students’ own interests, aptitudes, and abilities.

**Career and Education Development 2007 (Grades 6-8)**B1. Relationships among learning, Work, the Community, and the Global Economy

B2. Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century

B3. Education and Career Information

C1. The Planning Process

C2. Decision-Making

C3. Influences on Decision-Making

C4. Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts

__Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies__

*Key Ideas and Details*

1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies

*Craft and Structure*

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

*Integration of Knowledge and Ideas*

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print or digital texts.

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.

__Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies__

*Text Types and Purposes*

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes.

*Research to Build and Present Knowledge*

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused question that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation

**Health and Physical Education 1997 (Grades 5-8)**

*Health Education*

D-3: Ways technology affects personal health.

**Health and Physical Education 2007 (Grades 6-8) **D2. Technology and Health

**Mathematics 1997 (Grades 5-8)**A-1: Read, compare, order, classify, and explain whole numbers up to one million.

B-1: Solve multi-step, real-life problems using the four operations with whole numbers.

F-1: Solve and justify solutions to real-life problems involving the measurement of time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.

K-1: Use tables and graphs to communicate ideas and information in a concise and clear manner.

**Mathematics 2007 (Grades 6-8)**

*Grade 6*

A2. Fractions and decimals

A3. Add, subtract, multiply and divide

A4. Express relative quantities as percentages and as decimals and fractions

A5. Multiply and divide decimals up to three decimal places

B1. Convert within measurement systems and use measures of mass and weight

B2. Pie charts

B3. Mean, median, mode, and range

C1. Solid figures in two dimensions

C2. Perimeters and areas of geometric figures

C3. Volume and surface areas of right prisms with bases that are triangles and quadrilaterals

C5. Proportional relationships: indirect linear measurements; scale drawings: linear measurements

D3. Relationships between quantities

*Grade 7*

A3. Ratio and proportion

A4. Percentages

B1. Graphs and charts; draw inferences

C1. Angle properties of lines

C2. Solve problems involving perimeter and area

C3. Concept of scale drawings

*Grade 8*

A1. Numbers using scientific notation from real-life contexts

B1. Derived measures

B2. Convert across/within measurement systems; units in derived measures

B3. Mean, median, mode, range, quartiles

C1. Properties of polygons

C4. Volume and surface areas of composed figures

**Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012**

Grade 6:

*Ratios and Proportional Relationships*

- Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

*The Number System*

- Compute fluently with multi-digit numbers and find common factors and multiples

*Geometry*

- Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

*Statistics and Probability*

- Develop understanding of statistical variability
- Summarize and describe distributions

Grade 7:

*Ratios and Proportional Relationships*

- Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

*Expressions and Equations*

- Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations

*Geometry*

- Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

*Statistics and Probability*

- Use random sampling to draw inferences about a population
- Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations
- Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models

Grade 8:

*Functions*

- Use functions to model relationships between quantities

*Geometry*

- Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres

*Statistics and Probability*

- Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data

**Science and Technology 1997 (Grades 5-8)**

E-1: How the physical properties of objects sometimes change when one object chemically

combines with another.

F-2: Understanding that many things about the earth (e.g. climate) occur in cycles that vary in

length and frequency.

F-3: Differences among minerals, rocks, and soils.

H-1: Ways different forms of energy can be produced.

J-2: Conduct scientific investigations: make observations, collect and analyze data, and do experiments.

M-2: How technology (e.g. transportation, irrigation) has altered human settlement.

**Science and Technology 2007 (Grades 6-8) **A1. Systems

A2. Models

A3. Constancy and Change

A4. Scale

B1. Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry

B2. Skills and Traits of Technological Design

C2. Understandings about Science and Technology

C3. Science, Technology, and Society

D2. Earth

D3. Matter and Energy

E2. Ecosystems

E5. Evolution

**Social Studies 1997 (Grades 5-8)**

*Civics and Government*

D-1: Examples of how the United States interacts with other countries.

*History*

A-2: Chronological order: significant events, groups, and people in the history of Maine.

C-1: Changes currently occurring in their daily lives; compare to changes in daily life in past.

*Geography*

A-1: Construct and compare maps of Maine, the United States, and regions of the world to interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.

B-3: Variety of materials and geographic tools to explain how the physical environment supports and constrains human activities.

*Economics*

B-1: Identify the three basic economic questions all economic systems must answer: What to produce? How? For whom?

B-2: How the economy of Maine affects families and communities.

D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps to create economic interdependence between people in different places and communities.

**Social Studies 2007 (Grades 6-8) **

*Applications*

A1. Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues

A2. Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills

A3. Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills

*Economics*

C1. Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

C2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics

*Geography*

D1. Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

D2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography

*History*

E1. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

E2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

**Visual and Performing Arts 1997 (Grades 5-8)**B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.

**Visual and Performing Arts 2007 (Grades 6-8)**E1. The Arts and History and World Cultures

E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines